Pharmacology and Science of Cannabis
We understand it can be overwhelming to navigate the world of marijuana. There are different types, effects, methods of consumption, and more. We want you to feel confident about your medicine, so we have provided some basic information on the science and pharmacology of cannabis to give you a confusion-free and worry-free experience with us every time.
The herbal cannabinoids found in cannabis include:
- THC-tetrahydrocannabinol: stimulant, muscle-relaxer, appetite stimulant, antidepressant, euphoric, bronchiodialting, hypotensive and has analgesic effects
- CBD-cannabidiol: sedative and analgesic effect
- CBN-cannabinol:anti-epileptic effect and mildly psychoactive
- CBG-cannabigerol: antibiotic, sedative effect, lowers interocular pressure
- CBC-cannabicyclol: sedative and analgesic effect
- THCV-tetrahydrocannabivarin: found primarily in African and Asian strains increased the speed and intensity of THC effect
Side effects from medical cannabis include:
- Dizziness from lowered blood pressure. Be sure to tell your caregiver if you have blood pressure issues and closely monitor the effects of the cannabis you consum
- A decrease in coordination and cognition. Short term memory loss may occur while medicated with certain varieties
- Heart rate and/ or blood pressure may initially increase which may effect patients with severe anxiety or heart conditions
- Effects will vary between individuals and with various varieties
Species of Cannabis
Cannabis Sativais thought to have originated in Asia or Europe. The larger of the strains, sativa has been known to grow to heights of 20 to 25 feet outdoors. Due to the size of the plant, sativa is commonly used for the fiber content. This tall strain provides long strands of fiber. Generally, sativa is higher in THC and lower in CBD than the indica species of the plant. Sativa species have a more energetic type of effect when compared to indica species.
Cannabis Indicais believed to have originated in Asia close to the Himalayas. Currently cultivated throughout the world, indica species are generally higher in CBD and lower in THC than sativa species. Indica species generally will produce a more relaxing and calm effect on patients.
Cannabis ruderalis was first found in Eastern Europe where it can still be found growing wild. Referred to as “ditch weed” this species does not grow tall but can tolerate harsh climates that would most certainly kill sativa or indica plants. Cannabis ruderalis has a lower THC content and not in demand for medicinal purposes. Visit our medical marijuana strain guideto learn more about the different medical marijuana strains.